Title: Copernicus and Earth observation in support of EU policies
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC118879
ISBN: 978-92-76-14559-2 (online),978-92-76-14560-8 (print)
ISSN: 1831-9424 (online),1018-5593 (print)
Other Identifiers: EUR 30030 EN
OP KJ-NA-30030-EN-N (online),KJ-NA-30030-EN-C (print)
URI: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC118879
DOI: 10.2760/024084
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: The Copernicus programme for Earth observation represents a big investment by the EU, justified by expected returns in public governance and private business. Copernicus is user and policy driven, and provides cross-domain products and services with a full free and open data policy and where possible taking up new technologies and research. This study has made a survey of the extent that Copernicus is used to support policy making in the European Commission, also assessing the perspectives for increased uptake. Also other Earth observation data and information has been looked at. An extensive use of the services is observed for policies monitoring landuse, climatic and environmental conditions, and this is expected to increase further with e.g. the new Common Agricultural Policy and the Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry Regulation. Information of the Climate Change Service on optimal land-use targeting specific human activities, harnessing the beneficial opportunities of climate change, provides policy makers with a new set of adaptation measures. While air quality measures can be monitored by the atmosphere service, the marine service provides input to the information system for marine knowledge. The emergency service supports disaster risk reduction measures and a resilient build-up of society. Security is of increasing importance where land and water resources are at the origin of conflict and migration. Several lines of action have been identified to improve uptake: Increasing engagement within the policy Directorates-General, fostering feedback loops between the end-users and Copernicus services, Increasing communication, information and training, setting standards and guaranteeing quality controls, enabling full integration of different datasets. The Copernicus programme brings a unique opportunity to the EU for being a global player, addressing SDGs and International Conventions because of its a long-term sustained commitment and strong international dimension. No such space programme is currently available elsewhere.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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