Title: Sensitivity of gross primary productivity to climatic drivers during the summer drought of 2018 in Europe
Authors: FU ZHENGCIAIS P.BASTOS ANASTOY P.YANG HUIGREEN JULIAWANG BINGXUEYU KAILIANGHUANG YUANYUANKNOHL ALEXANDERŠIGUT LADISLAVGHARUN MANACUNTZ MATTHIASARRIGA NICOLAROLAND MARILYNPEICHL MATTHIASMIGLIAVACCA MIRCOCREMONESE EDOARDOVARLAGIN ANDREJBRÜMMER CHRISTIANGOURLEZ DE LA MOTTE LOUISFARES SILVANOBUCHMANN NINAEL-MADANY TAREK S.PITACCO ANDREAVENDRAME NADIALI ZHAOLEIVINCKE CAROLINEMAGLIULO ENZOKOEBSCH FRANZISKA
Citation: PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES vol. 375 no. 1810 p. 20190747
Publisher: ROYAL SOC
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC118941
ISSN: 0962-8436 (online)
URI: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC118941
DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0747
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: In summer 2018, Europe experienced a record drought, but it remains unknown how the drought affected ecosystem carbon dynamics. Using observations from 34 eddy covariance sites in different biomes across Europe, we studied the sensitivity of gross primary productivity (GPP) to environmental drivers during the summer drought of 2018 versus the reference summer of 2016. We found a greater drought-induced decline of summer GPP in grasslands (−38%) than in forests (−10%), which coincided with reduced evapotranspiration and soil water content (SWC). As compared to the ‘normal year’ of 2016, GPP in different ecosystems exhibited more negative sensitivity to summer air temperature (Ta) but stronger positive sensitivity to SWC during summer drought in 2018, that is, a stronger reduction of GPP with soil moisture deficit. We found larger negative effects of Ta and vapour pressure deficit (VPD) but a lower positive effect of photosynthetic photon flux density on GPP in 2018 compared to 2016, which contributed to reduced summer GPP in 2018. Our results demonstrate that high temperature-induced increases in VPD and decreases in SWC aggravated drought impacts on GPP.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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