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dc.contributor.authorAMBROSI RICHARDen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWILLIAMS HUGOen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWATKINSON EMILY JANEen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBARCO ALESSANDRAen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMESALAM RAMYen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCRAWFORD TONYen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBICKNELL CHRISTOPHERen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSAMARA-RATNA PIYALen_GB
dc.contributor.authorVERNON DAVIDen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBANNISTER NIGELen_GB
dc.contributor.authorROSS DUNCANen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSYKES JONATHANen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPERKINSON MARIE-CLAIREen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBURGESS CHRISTOPHERen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSTROUD COLINen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGIBSON STEPHENen_GB
dc.contributor.authorGODFREY ALEXANDERen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSLATER ROBERT G.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorREECE MICHAEL J.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorCHEN KANen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSIMPSON KEVINen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTULEY RICHARDen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSARSFIELD MARKen_GB
dc.contributor.authorTINSLEY TIM P.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorSTEPHENSON KEITHen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFREIS DANIELen_GB
dc.contributor.authorVIGIER JEAN-FRANCOISen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKONINGS RUDYen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFONGARLAND CHRISTOPHEen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLIBESSART MARTINen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMERRIFIELD JAMESen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKRAMER DANIEL P.en_GB
dc.contributor.authorBYRNE JAMIEen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFOXCROFT BENJAMINen_GB
dc.identifier.citationSPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS vol. 215 no. 8 p. 55en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0038-6308 (online)en_GB
dc.description.abstractRadioisotope power systems utilising americium-241 as a source of heat have been under development in Europe as part of a European Space Agency funded programme since 2009. The aim is to develop all of the building blocks that would enable Europe to launch and operate deep space and planetary missions in environments where use of solar power or alternative power generation technologies is challenging. Although some technical and policy work activity predate the ESA programme, the maturity of the technology has now reached a level that it can be incorporated in mission studies and roadmaps targeting the period from the mid 2020s onwards. This paper describes the state of the art in European radioisotope thermoelectric generators and radioisotope heater units. This paper includes: the evolution of the technical programme in detail; descriptions of the design; evolution of RTG and RHU devices from laboratory prototypes to more advanced fully functional systems; and experimental data obtained to date. This paper also outlines the technical challenges and multidisciplinary skills required to develop what is a world leading, original, significant and transformative technology solution for planetary science and exploration missions from the mid 2020s onwards.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipJRC.G.I.3-Nuclear Fuel Safetyen_GB
dc.titleEuropean Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) and Radioisotope Heater Units (RHUs) for Space Science and Explorationen_GB
dc.typeArticles in periodicals and booksen_GB
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11214-019-0623-9 (online)en_GB
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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