Title: JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, December 2019 Vol. 27 No 12
Authors: BUSSAY ATTILACEGLAR ANDREJCERRANI IACOPOSEGUINI LORENZOVAN DEN BERG MAURITSBIAVETTI IRENEMULHERN GRAINNE
Editors: VAN DEN BERG MAURITS
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC120396
ISSN: 2443-8278 (online),2443-826X (print)
Other Identifiers: OP KJ-AW-19-012-EN-N (online),KJ-AW-19-012-EN-C (print)
URI: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC120396
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: According to the December issue of the JRC MARS Bulletin - Crop monitoring in Europe, which was published today, thermal conditions have been much milder than usual in central, eastern, and south-eastern Europe. In most of these regions, above-average temperatures have prevailed since early October. Consequently, the build-up of frost tolerance in winter cereals (hardening) has lagged behind and is much weaker than usual. The current situation is delicate, because winter crops in many of these regions are underdeveloped due to delayed sowing and inadequate soil moisture conditions, which, combined with reduced cold tolerance, makes them particularly vulnerable to frost damage. According to the current weather forecast (until 20 December), the warmer-than-usual conditions are likely to continue, with the most pronounced warm anomalies (up to 8°C above the long-term average) in eastern and south-eastern Europe. As a consequence, no frost damage is expected during this period, but hardening will not progress and some regions will even be subject to dehardening. The drought in western Ukraine continued during the period of review, as the sparse rains that occurred in November were insufficient to significantly improve soil moisture conditions. Belarus and Poland experienced a rain deficit that is expected to continue during the coming days. In Spain, Portugal, Romania, Russia and Turkey, the dry conditions that were reported in the November issue of the Bulletin ended thanks to beneficial rains at the end of November. The excess of precipitation, since the beginning of November, has continued in northwest Italy, southwest France, Scotland (UK), Greece and northern Morocco. Excessively wet conditions continued in north-west Italy, south-west France, Scotland (UK), Greece and northern Morocco, whereas conditions improved in other parts of western Europe.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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