Title: JRC horizon scanning on dual-use civil and military research
Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union
Publication Year: 2020
JRC N°: JRC120638
ISBN: 978-92-76-20775-7 (online)
ISSN: 1831-9424 (online)
Other Identifiers: EUR 30301 EN
OP KJ-NA-30301-EN-N (online)
URI: https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC120638
DOI: 10.2760/47988
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: This report presents the results of a horizon scanning exercise carried out by the JRC, aiming at identifying “emerging” issues displaying potentiality for dual-use research and further applications, i.e. use of civilian research outcomes for defence purposes and vice versa. The exercise allowed the identification of 14 issues, seven of which being further commented: six perceived as having very high relevance for dual-use applications in short- to mid-term (between now and ca. 10 years), plus one assessed as emerging at the longer-term. Interestingly four issues out of these seven ones fall entirely or partially under the realm of biology: “Multifunctional materials”, “CRISPR and genetic manipulations”, “Enhancing humans” and “Synthetic biology”. All together, these thematic issues, actually interrelated, show that the importance of the manipulation of the living, including that of human bodies, with all its aspects, positive and negative, bright and dark, defensive and offensive, is expected to increase in time and impact.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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