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|Title:||Effect of surface orientation on dissolution rate and surface dynamics of UO2 single crystals in nitric acid|
|Authors:||BERTOLOTTO SOLÈNE; SZENKNECT STÉPHANIE; LALLEMAN SOPHIE; MAGNALDO ALASTAIR; RAISON PHILIPPE; ODORICO MICHAEL; PODOR RENAUD; CLAPAREDE LAURENT; DACHEUX NICOLAS|
|Citation:||CORROSION SCIENCE vol. 176 p. 109020|
|Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||UO2 single crystals with (100), (110) and (111) oriented faces were dissolved in 2 mol.L-1 HNO3 at room temperature. The evolution of the topography of the surface was monitored and reliable dissolution rates corresponding to the three crystallographic orientations were determined under controlled hydrodynamic and chemical conditions. The dissolution tests of UO2 polished single crystals showed two different kinetic steps. During the first uncatalysed kinetic regime, the enhanced reactivity of the surface at defect sites was demonstrated. The second kinetic step was attributed to a catalysed dissolution mechanism involving species produced at the solid/solution interface during the first step.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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