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|Title:||A Critical Review on Normal Concentrations of Vanadium in Human Blood, Serum and Urine|
|Authors:||SABBIONI Enrico; KUCERA Jan; PIETRA Romano; VESTERBERG Olof|
|Citation:||The Science of the Total Environment vol. 188 p. 49-58|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||An evaluation of published values for 'normal' concentrations of vanadium levels in human blood, serum and urine have been determined in order to identify the reasons for existing large variations of these values. the published data were scrutinized according to criteria on sampling and analysis developed for the TRACY (EUREKA, ENVIRON) project which aims at establishing reference values for persons without occupational exposure to metals. Of the sampling factors, living in environmentally polluted areas, contamination-free sampling and sample handling were found to be highly important. Although no reference values for vanadium are established, it appears that values, around 1 nmol 1-1 for blood and serum and around 10 nmol 1-1 or slightly lower for urine may be considered tentative normal values.|
|JRC Directorate:||Joint Research Centre Historical Collection|
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