Title: Temperature and Fission Rate Effects on the Rim Structure Formation in a UO2 Fuel with a Burnup of 7.9% FIMA.
Citation: Journal of Nuclear Materials vol. 252 p. 71-78
Publication Year: 1998
JRC N°: JRC15940
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC15940
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: A BWR design UO2 fuel irradiated to a burnup of 7.9% FIMA was selected for a careful calculational and experimental analysis because the rod experienced an unusual power history: it had two high power periods at 1.7% FIMA and between 4 to 5% FIMA causing increased fuel temperatures and thus increased gas release and damage recovery. As a consequence, two parameters generally considered to be important for grain subdivision (rim structure formation) were locally different from normal fuel, i.e. fission gas inventory and extent of radiation damage. Histories of temperature, fission rate and fission gas release were calculated at different radial positions. Microstructure observations (TEM, SEM) revealed the typical high burnup grain subdivision process (polygonization) which extended to a maximum of 1.65 mm (r/ro = 0.73) from the pellet surface inwards. For this radial position, the calculations yielded a local temperature of 1200*C and predicted that more than half of the fission gas was released during the second high power period for this radial position. The results give thus information on the importance of the fission gas inventory for the burnup threshold of restructuring.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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