Title: Helium Behaviour in Waste Conditioning Matrices During Thermal Annealing
Citation: JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS vol. 352 p. 202-208
Publication Year: 2006
JRC N°: JRC30053
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC30053
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Reprocessing of spent fuel produces high level waste including minor actinides and long living fission products that might be disposed in waste conditioning matrices. Several natural mineral phases were proven to be able to incorporate fission products or actinides in their crystalline structure for long periods of time. In this study, synthetic compounds of zirconolite (CaZrTi2O7) and pyrochlores (Gd2Ti2O7 and Nd2Zr2O7) were fabricated and doped with the short lived alpha emitter 244Cm to increase the total amount of helium and damage generated in a laboratory time scale. Helium implantations were also used to simulate the damage caused by the alpha decay and the build up of helium in the matrix. The samples were annealed in a Knudsen cell, and the helium release profile interpreted in conjunction with radiation damage studies and previous analysis of annealing behaviour. Several processes like diffusion, trapping or phase changes could then be attributed to the helium behaviour depending on the material considered. Despite high damage and large amount of helium accumulated, the integrity of the studied materials was preserved during storage.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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