Title: The Impact of Carbon Sequestration on the Production Cost of Electricity and Hydrogen from Coal and Natural-Gas Technologies in Europe in the Medium Term
Citation: ENERGY vol. 30 p. 2672-2689
Publication Year: 2005
JRC N°: JRC30612
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC30612
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Carbon sequestration is a distinct technological option with a potential for controlling carbon emissions; it complements other measures, such as improvements in energy efficiency and utilization of renewable energy sources. The deployment of carbon sequestration technologies in electricity generation and hydrogen production will increase the production costs of these energy carriers. Our economic assessment has shown that the introduction of carbon sequestration technologies in Europe in 2020, will result in an increase in the production cost of electricity by coal and natural gas technologies of 30-55% depending on the electricity-generation technology used; gas turbines will remain the most competitive option for generation electricity; and integrated gasification combined cycle technology will become competitive. When carbon sequestration is coupled with natural-gas steam reforming or coal gasification for hydrogen production, the production cost of hydrogen will increase by 14-16%. Furthermore, natural-gas staem reforming with carbon sequestration is far more economically competitive than coals gasification.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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