Title: QSARs for the Aquatic Toxicity of Aromatic Aldehydes from Tetrahymena Data
Citation: CHEMOSPHERE vol. 61 p. 1632-1643
Publication Year: 2005
JRC N°: JRC31444
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC31444
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The aim of the study was to develop quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) for a large group of 77 aromatic aldehydes tested for acute toxicity to the ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis using mechanistically interpretable descriptors. The resulting QSARs revealed that the 1-octanol/water partition coefficient (log Kow), is the most important descriptor of aldehyde aquatic toxic potency. The model with log Kow was improved by adding electronic descriptor the maximum acceptor superdelocalizability in a molecule – Amax based on calculations with the semi-empirical AM1 model. The two descriptors reflect the two main processes responsible for demonstration of acute aquatic toxicity, namely penetration through cell membranes (log Kow) and interaction with the biomacromolecules (Amax) into the cells. Results showed that generally the studied group of aldehydes could be modeled by this simple two-descriptor approach. However, the group of 2- and/or 4-hydroxylated aldehydes demonstrates enhanced toxicity compared to the other aldehydes. Transformation to quinone-like structures is proposed as the explanation for this enhanced potency. The 2- and/or 4-hydroxylated aldehydes are modeled successfully by [log (1/IGC50) = 0.540 (0.038) log Kow + 8.30 (2.88) Amax – 3.11 (0.92), n = 25, R2 = 0.916, R2CV = 0.896, s = 0.141, F = 120], while the other aldehydes are modeled by the relationship [log (1/IGC50) = 0.583 (0.034) log Kow + 9.80 (2.62) Amax – 4.04 (0.85), n = 52, R2 = 0.864, R2CV = 0.844, s = 0.203, F = 156], which is similar to the general benzene model.
JRC Directorate:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection

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