Title: Distributed Sensitivity Analysis of Flood Inundation Model Calibration
Citation: JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING-ASCE vol. 131 no. 2 p. 117-126
Publication Year: 2005
JRC N°: JRC31471
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC31471
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Uncertainties in hydrodynamic model calibration and boundary conditions can have a significant influence on flood inundation predictions. Uncertainty analysis involves quantification of these uncertainties and their propagation through to inundation predictions. In this paper the inverse problem of sensitivity analysis is tackled, in order to diagnose the influence that model input variables, together and in combination, have on the uncertainty in the inundation model prediction. Variance-based global sensitivity analysis is applied to simulation of a flood on a reach of the River Thames (United Kingdom) for which a synthetic aperture radar image of the extent of flooding was available for model validation. The sensitivity analysis using the method of Sobol’ quantifies the significant influence of variance in the Manning channel roughness coefficient in raster-based flood inundation model predictions of flood outline and flood depth. The spatial influence of the Manning channel roughness coefficient is analyzed by dividing the channel into subreaches and calculating variance-based sensitivity indices for each subreach. Replicated Latin hypercube sampling is used for sensitivity analysis with correlated input variables. The methodology identifies subreaches of channel that have the most influence on variance in the model predictions, demonstrating how far boundary effects propagate into the model and indicating where further data acquisition and nested higherresolution model studies should be targeted.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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