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|Title:||Nondestructive Detection of Fatigue Damage in Austenitic Stainless Steel by Positron Annihilation|
|Authors:||SCHAAFF Petra; HOLZWARTH UWE|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE vol. 40 no. 23 p. 6157-6168|
|Publisher:||Springer Science + Business Media B.V.|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Austenitic stainless steel specimens have been examined by positron lifetime measurements at various stages until failure during fatigue tests at constant stress or plastic strain amplitudes. A positron source detector assembly has been mounted on the servohydraulic testing machines that allowed truly non destructive positron annihilation studies without removing the specimens from the load train. Positrons were generated by a 72Se/72 As source with a maximum activity of 0.9 MBq. The average positron lifetime has been determined by a coincidence applying a simplified data evaluation procedure. Under constant stress or plastic strain amplitudes early stages of fatigue damage could be detected. The strong increase of the average positron lifetime already during the first 10% of fatigue life could be realted to the fatigue life of the specimens. Issues of lifetime prediction by positron annihilation measurements are discussed.|
|JRC Directorate:||Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection|
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