Title: Use of Acousto-Optic Tuneable Filters for Imaging Fluorescence Spectroscopy Applications In Vivo and In Vitro
Citation: Proceedings of SPIE - Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems III vol. 5692 p. 11-20
Publisher: SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication Year: 2005
JRC N°: JRC32499
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC32499
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: We describe the design and development two prototype spectroscopy imaging instruments based on custom-made acousto-optic tuneable filters (AOTF). These devices can be coupled to many standard imaging systems (e.g. an endoscope or a fluorescence microscope). The instruments developed offer significant advantages over typical fixed-filter imaging systems in terms of flexibility, performance and diagnostic potential. Any filtering wavelength in the visible range can be rapidly selected either by random access or continuous tuning. Since filtering is achieved through a diffractive process, an excellent signal-to-noise ratio is achieved that allows the detection of extremely low fluorescence signals such as autofluorescence. These adapters were designed to allow the simultaneous imaging of both the filtered and unfiltered signals. A first prototype instrument was developed and demonstrated for in-vivo applications. When attached to the eyepiece of a commercial endoscope, it allowed the simultaneous white light endoscopy and fluorescence imaging. Autofluorescence of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), an endogenous chromophore that traces early-stage diseased tissue experiencing an inflammatory response, was mapped in vivo on a rat model. The system has also been approved for medical use and human clinical trials are underway. In addition, we are currently testing a second AOTF module for in vitro applications. This new AOTF adapter was designed to be coupled to the viewing port of a commercial fluorescence microscope to realise a fluorescence imaging spectrometer capable of detecting and mapping fluorescent biomolecules.
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