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|Title:||Summer Algal Blooms in a Coastal Ecosystem: the Role of Atmospheric Deposition Versus Entrainment Fluxes|
|Authors:||CARSTESEN J.; FROHN L.m.; BAY HASAGER C.; GUSTAFSSON Bo G.|
|Citation:||ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE vol. 62 p. 595 - 608|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The nitrogen inputs from atmospheric deposition and bottom water entrainment to the surface layer were modelled in the summer period (May–September) over a 11-year period (1989–1999) and compared to investigate the significance of these fluxes for generating blooms in the Kattegat. In the summer periods the average atmospheric deposition was 2.81 mg N m-2 d-1 compared to average entrainment fluxes of 5.42 mg N m-2 d-1, 1.21 mg N m-2 d- and 1.15 mg N m-2 d-1 for the northern, central and southern part of the Kattegat, respectively. Atmospheric nitrogen deposition alone could not sustain biomass increases associated with observed blooms and entrainment fluxes dominated the high nitrogen inputs to the surface layer. The potential for a bloom through growth was typically obtained after several days of high nitrogen inputs from entrainment in the frontal area of the northern Kattegat and to some extent from atmospheric deposition. The modelled nitrogen input in this area could account directly for 30% of the observed blooms in the Northern sub-basin, and through advective transport 24% and 19% of the observed blooms in the central and southern Kattegat. The direct nitrogen inputs through atmospheric deposition and entrainment to the central and southern sub-basins were small and could not be linked to any bloom observation. 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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