Title: Determination of the 232Th(n,gamma) Cross Section from 4 to 140 keV at GELINA
Citation: NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING vol. 152 p. 1-14
Publication Year: 2006
JRC N°: JRC32999
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC32999
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The neutron capture cross section of thorium has been masured in the energy region between 4 and 140 keV at the GELINA time-of-flight facility of the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements in Geel, Belgium. The gamma-rays from capture events were detected by two C6D6 liquid scintillators, placed 14.37 m from the neutron source. The shape of the neutron flux was measured with a 10B-loaded ionization chamber. To obtain a detection efficienct independent of the gamma cascade and proportional to the total excitation energy, the pulsheight weighting technique was applied. The data have been normalized to the well-isolated and almost saturated 232Th resonance at 23.5 eV. The systematic uncertainties related to the normalization and weighting function, using an internal saturated resonance, are +- 1.5%. An additional systematic uncertainty of 0.5% results from the self-shielding and multiple scattering corrections. Between 4 and 140 keV, our date are +- 9 and 6.5% higher than the data of Kabayashi et al. and Macklin et al. respectively, and in good agreement with the data of Poenitz and Smith. below 15 keV our data deviate by up to 30% from the data reported by Wisshiak et al. Our dat have been analyzed in terms of average level parameters. The resulting parameters are consistent with the resolved resonance parameters deduced from the transmission measurements of Olsen et al.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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