Title: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agriculture in Europe
Authors: LEIP ADRIAN
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Publication Year: 2005
JRC N°: JRC33005
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC33005
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Agricultural greenhouse gas emissions account for 10 and 7% of total anthropogenic GHG emissions without considering emissions and removals from land use change and forestry for EU-15 countries and New Member States, respectively, with a general trend towards a decreasing significance of agriculture for the overall national GHG inventories. Differences between EU-15 countries and the New Member States are found less in the structure of the national GHG inventories with respect to agriculture but rather in the trend of emissions and, if related, to economic indicators. So are per capita GHG emissions from agriculture significantly lower for New Member States and Candidate Countries (0.64±0.25 t CO2-eq/inhabitant) than for the EU-15 countries (1.34±1.02 t CO2-eq/inhabitant), whereby the large standard deviation for EU-15 originatesfrom the “outlying” Ireland with 4.8 t CO2- eq/inhabitant. The development of agricultural GHG emissions saw slight increases to significant decreases of emissions for EU-15 countries, which, however, followed a more or less linear path. For the New Member States and Candidate Countries emissions from the agricultural sector, as for the total GHG inventory, decreases were substantial in the early years of the 1990s. Emissions from agriculture stabilized at a low level or increased again in the late 1990s. Even though the variability of the sub-sectoral composition of emissions from agriculture across the countries is high, there is no general principal difference between EU-15 countries and New Member States. Differences in the agricultural systems, however, can be seen by looking at the dominant greenhouse gas emitted from manure management systems; in the New Member States, more N2O is being emitted from this category, while in EU-15 and Candidate Countries CH4 intensive systems are being used.
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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