Title: International Technical Specification for Non Destructive Testing-Standards Test Method for Determining Residual Stresses by Neutron Diffraction-CEN ISO/TS 21432:2005
Other Contributors: YOUTSOS Anastasius
Citation: The 5th National Conference on NDT
Publisher: National Technical University of Athens (NTUA)
Publication Year: 2005
JRC N°: JRC33658
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC33658
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Residual stresses can have important consequences for the load carrying capacity and safety of engineering components. Neutron diffraction is a non-destructive method for determining residual stresses in crystalline materials. It is a relatively new technique and CEN ISO/TS 21432:2005 is the first ever standards document available for making these measurements. The new standard is applicable to homogeneous and inhomogeneous materials and to test pieces containing distinct phases. This paper gives the background to research that has been carried out to develop this standard. It outlines the main findings and indicates the precautions that are required to achieve accurate positioning and alignment of specimens (and components) in a neutron beam and the analysis required to obtain reliable results. It also shows that special attention is needed in dealing with near-surface measurements because of surface aberration. It is demonstrated that, provided the recommended procedures are followed, a positional tolerance of 0.1mm can be achieved with accuracy in strain of 10-4 to give a resolution in residual stress of 7 to 20 MPa in most materials of practical interest.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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