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|Title:||An Overview of TACIS Projects on Fire Safety of Nuclear Power Plants in CIS Countries|
|Other Contributors:||AULAMO HEIKKI|
|Citation:||Post-Conference Seminar III of the 18th International Conference on Structural Mechanics In Reactor Technology (SMIRT 18) - 9th International Seminar on Fire Safety in Nuclear Power Plants and Installations p. 1-14|
|Publisher:||International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Since 1991, the European Commission¿s TACIS programme has been an instrument for providing Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) for the promotion of the economic reform and recovery of ex-Soviet countries. In the field of Nuclear Safety, the program aims at transferring Western safety culture, know how and technology and is facilitating the sharing of experience by the implementation of projects in areas like On Site Assistance, Design Safety, Regulatory Authorities, Safeguards and Waste. More than ¿ 1.1 billion have been allocated to the Nuclear Safety programmes in the Beneficiary countries Russia, Ukraine, Armenia and Kazakhstan since their beginning. The European Commission Directorate General (DG) External Relations (DG-RELEX) is responsible for the strategy and the indicative multi-annual programs, the DG Europe Aid Co-operation Office (DG-AIDCO) is in charge of the annual action programs through which the individual assistance projects are identified and implemented. The DG Joint Research Centre (DG-JRC) is the Technical & Scientific adviser of the above-mentioned EC Directorates. In the field of Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) fire safety, TACIS projects include supplies of passive and active fire protection equipment to NPPs under the On-site Assistance Projects, studies under the Design Safety Projects as well as support to Regulatory Bodies. This paper presents an overview of the projects, carried out over a decade. Furthermore, the paper describes the background, objectives and achieved results of a number of representative projects in more detail. It also illustrates some of the difficulties experienced in meeting the needs and expectations of the Beneficiary side respecting at the same time all the legal and financial rules of the TACIS program. Finally, the paper summarizes some lessons learnt as well as issues that remain open.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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