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|Title:||Directed Technical Change and Climate Policy|
|Authors:||OTTO VINCENT; LOESCHEL Andreas; REILLY JOHN|
|Citation:||Report Series of the Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change vol. 134 no. 14 p. 1-33|
|Publisher:||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This paper studies cost effectiveness of climate policy if there are technology externalities. For this purpose, we develop a forward-looking CGE model that captures empirical links between CO2 emissions associated with energy use, directed technical change and the economy. We find the cost-effective climate policy to include a combination of R&D subsidies and CO2 emission constraints, although R&D subsidies raise the shadow value of the CO2 constraint (i.e. CO2 price) because of a strong rebound effect from stimulating innovation. Furthermore, we find that CO2 constraints biased toward CO2-intensive sectors are more cost effective than constraints that generate uniform CO2 prices among sectors. Differentiated CO2 prices, through technical change and concomitant technology externalities, encourage growth in the non-CO2 intensive sectors and discourage growth in CO2-intensive sectors. Thus, it is cost effective to let the latter bear relatively more of the abatement burden. This result is robust to whether emission constraints, R&D subsidies or combinations of both are used to reduce CO2 emissions.|
|JRC Directorate:||Growth and Innovation|
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