Title: Three Rs Approaches in Marine Biotoxin Testing - The Report and Recommendations of a joint ECVAM/DG SANCO Worksho (ECVAM Workshop 55)
Authors: HESS PhilippGRUNE BarbaraANDERSON DavidAUNE ToreBOTANA LuisCARICATO PaoloVAN EGMOND HansHALDER MARIAHALL SherwoodLAWRENCE JamesMOFFAT ColinPOLETTI RobertoRICHMOND JonROSSINI Gian PaoloSEAMER CatherineSERRATOSA VILAGELIU Jorge
Citation: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals vol. 34 p. 193-224
Publisher: Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments
Publication Year: 2006
JRC N°: JRC34336
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC34336
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The workshop on Three Rs approaches in marine biotoxin testing was held at ECVAM (Ispra, Italy) on 24-26 January 2005 with participants from academia, national and international reference laboratories, competent authorities and European Commission. This ECVAM/DG SANCO Workshop was organised to: a) discuss the current state-of-the-art with regard to test methods and strategies; b) consider immediate opportunities to reduce and refine animal use, and c) examine the possibilities of validation and acceptance of non-animal methods as monitoring tools and reference methods in marine biotoxin testing reflecting the technical progress that had been made. The outcome of the discussions and the recommendations agreed by the workshop participants are summarised in this report.
JRC Directorate:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection

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