Title: Size-dependent Predator-prey Relationships between Pikeperch and their Prey Fish
Citation: ECOLOGY OF FRESHWATER FISH vol. 16 p. 307-314
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC34428
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC34428
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Predator-prey interactions in aquatic food webs depend on the sizes of both predator and prey. In the present study size-dependent interactions between > 70 mm total length pikeperch Sander lucioperca (L.) and four prey fish species in the biomanipulated Bautzen Reservoir were investigated. Gape widths of 597 pikeperch were measured, and the stomach contents of 806 specimens were analysed. Additionally, total lengths (TL) and body depths of 1,448 prey fish were determined. The highest prey length to predator length ratio (PPR) was 0.63. Total lengths of piscivorous pikeperch and total lengths of prey fish (pikeperch, ruffe Gymnocephalus cernuus (L.) and roach Rutilus rutilus (L.)) were positively and linearly related. This was not the case for prey perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) as all size groups of pikeperch fed strongly on age-0 perch. This study coupled with results of previous studies suggests that predation by pikeperch can have major impact on the population dynamics of especially perch.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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