Title: CFD Simulations of Hydrogen Combustion in a Simplified EPR Containtment with CFX and REACFLOW
Citation: NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND DESIGN vol. 237 p. 1668-1678
Publisher: ELSEVIER
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC34438
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC34438
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The prediction of over-pressures and temperatures that are generated by hydrogen explosions in case of a severe nuclear accident is a crucial stage of the safety analysis of the containment. The investigation presented in this paper is a continuation of the numerical studies of validation and benchmarking that were carried out in the European co-sponsored project HYCOM. In the present work, numerical simulations of hydrogen deflagrations within a simplified, real-scale EPR (European Pressure Reactor) containment have been performed with two CFD codes, CFX4 and REACFLOW. The analysis has been focused not only on overpressure peaks and pressure oscillations, but also on pressure differences between the two sides of the same wall of internal compartments. Different geometrical configurations have been considered in term of presence of vents between internal compartments and in term of vents number, size and position. Single and multiple ignition points have also been taken into account. The paper describes the main results of the investigation and it is a demonstration of how CFD modelling can provide significant indications for real-scale safety applications within the limits of uncertainty of the accident scenarios.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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