Title: The Problem of Windfarm Location: A Social Multi-Criteria Evaluation Framework
Citation: ENERGY POLICY vol. 35 no. 3 p. 1564-1583
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC34881
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC34881
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Although the green image wind energy has, the location of windfarms is always a source of local conflicts. Opposition may depend on the extensive land use of windfarms, their possible impacts on tourism or their visual impact, as well as NIMBY (Never In My Back-Yard) behaviour. On the other hand, some social actors are normally in favour of wind parks because perceive them as a possibility of development or simply a source of income. In these situations, the management of the energy policy process involves many layers and kinds of decisions, and requires the construction of a dialogue process among many social actors, individual and collective, formal and informal, local and non local. This implies that the political and social framework must find a place in evaluation exercises. This is the objective of Social Multi-criteria Evaluation (SMCE). In this article, social multi-criteria evaluation is proposed as a general framework for dealing with the problem of wind park location. The major strength of SMCE is the possibility of integrating both socio-economic and technical dimensions inside a coherent framework. A real-world case study is used as an illustrative example.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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