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|Title:||Bestimmung des Ferntransports von Persistenten Organischen Spurenstoffen und der Umweltexposition Mittels Modelluntersuchungen|
|Authors:||LAMMEL Gerhard; SEMEENA V.s.; GUGLIELMO Francesca; ILYINA Tatjana; LEIP ADRIAN|
|Citation:||UWSF Z Umweltchem Ökotox vol. 4 p. 254-261|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Many environmental pollutants are slowly degrading (persistent) and very mobile. They are semivolatile, i.e. they are partitioned between the environmental media of soil, water and air, and undergo long-range transport. The combined action of climate and substance properties determines the distributions and fate of these substances, among them as the persistent organic pollutants (POPs), other pesticides and industrial chemicals. Main Features. Multicompartment chemistry-transport models are under development in order to study environmental exposure on large spatial scales. These build on atmospheric and oceanic models. Results. The investigation of transport and fate of some POPs on the global scale has emphasized the significance of historically explicit and geo-referenced simulations for substance distributions, persistence and long-range transport potential. Apart from the substance properties, it is the regional climate which is most important. This was illustrated by studies into the regional cycling of DDT and γ-HCH in selected tropical and extra-tropical regions. Discussion. The isolation of individual steps of subsequent cycles of emission, transport and deposition (a so-called grasshopper effect) in model experiments shows the potential to elucidate the complex superposition of substance properties and environmental conditions, variable in time and space. Conclusions: The results suggest that the grasshopper effect enhances the long-range transport potential, but is not required to explain an accumulation in polar regions (at least for γ-HCH). Perspectives: A number of relevant scientific questions should be addressed by exposure modelling.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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