Title: On the Non-destructive Detection of Fatigue Damage in Industrial Aluminium Alloys by Positron Annihilation
Authors: HOLZWARTH UWESCHAAFF Petra
Citation: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE vol. 42 p. 5620-5628
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC37135
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC37135
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The average positron lifetime has been determined non-destructively and in-situ during fully symmetric push-pull fatigue experiments in the bulk material of the aluminium alloys 2024 T3 and 7075 T6 using a servo-hydraulic fatigue testing system equipped with a mobile positron beam produced by a 72Se/72As generator (initial activity of 0.9 MBq; average positron penetration depth 1 mm). Contrary to earlier investigations on stainless steel using the same experimental approach, no variation of the average positron lifetime could be observed during fatigue and neither early nor late stages of fatigue damage could be revealed. It is concluded that fatigue induced changes of the defect spectra in technologically relevant aluminium alloys are masked for the present method by saturation trapping in precipitates. A sufficiently high increase of the dislocation density and the creation of vacancy clusters must be confined to the vicinity of propagating fatigue cracks or the fatal fatigue crack. Therefore the zone with sufficient detectable fatigue damage has not enough statistical weight to modify the average positron lifetime of the aluminium alloy bulk material.
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