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|Title:||Analysis of Biofuel Support Policies|
|Authors:||WIESENTHAL TOBIAS; SCHADE Burkhard; CHRISTIDIS PANAYOTIS; LEDUC Guillaume; PELKMANS Luc; GOVAERTS Leen|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the 15th European Biomass Conference - From Research to Market Deployment p. 2716-2729|
|Publisher:||ETA-Renewable Energies and WIP-Renewable Energies|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The paper presents the results of the analysis of a variety of biofuel support measures and technologies that were carried out as part of the PREMIA project, combining the historic assessment of biofuel policies with model-based scenarios. The scenarios were constructed with the PREMIA biofuel model, which is based on a recursive year by year simulation of biofuel demand and supply until 2030. For each set of exogenously given parameters an equilibrium point is found at which the costs of biofuels equal those of the fossil alternative they substitute, taking into account the feedback loops of the agricultural market and restrictions in the annual growth rates of capacity. The model delivers detailed outcomes for the types of biofuels considered such as biodiesel or ethanol, first or second generation biofuels with regard to production capacity and produced volumes, costs and well-to-wheel emissions of greenhouse gases. The scenarios are used to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of biofuel support policies, such as tax exemption or obligation schemes. All results are set into context with the experiences made with these policies in the different member states so far. In addition, the suitability of complementary measures, such as capital grants or feedstock subsidies, in steering the biofuel market was assessed.|
|JRC Directorate:||Growth and Innovation|
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