Title: An Effective Screening Design for Sensitivity Analysis of Large Models
Citation: ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING & SOFTWARE vol. 22 p. 1509-1518
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC37360
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC37360
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: In 1991 Morris proposed an effective screening sensitivity measure to identify the few important factors in models with many factors. The method is based on computing for each input a number of incremental ratios, namely elementary effects, which are then averaged to assess the overall importance of the input. Despite its value, the method is still rarely used and instead local analyses varying one factor at a time around a baseline point are usually employed. In this piece of work we propose a revised version of the elementary effects method, improved in terms of both the definition of the measure and the sampling strategy. In the present form the method shares many of the positive qualities of the variance-based techniques, having the advantage of a lower computational cost, as demonstrated by the analytical examples. The method is employed to assess the sensitivity of a chemical reaction model for dimethylsulphide (DMS), a gas involved in climate change. Results of the sensitivity analysis open up the ground for model reconsideration: some model components may need a more thorough modelling effort while some others may need to be simplified.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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