Title: Deposit Protection in the EU: State of Play and Future Prospects
Citation: Journal of Banking Regulation vol. 9 no. 2 p. 82-101
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Publication Year: 2008
JRC N°: JRC38190
ISSN: 1745-6452
URI: http://www.palgrave-journals.com/jbr/journal/v9/n2/index.html
DOI: 10.1057/jbr.2008.2
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: More than ten years have passed since the European Commission adopted Directive 94/19/EC on deposit-guarantee schemes. The Directive laid the foundations for general harmonisation of deposit insurance across the European Union Member States, requiring them to legally set up deposit-guarantee schemes by a specified deadline. Based on minimum harmonisation, the Directive left it to Member States to develop their own deposit insurance systems in terms of e.g. definition of eligible deposits, level of cover, types of funding mechanism, and calculation of members’ contributions. This autonomy has resulted in quite divergent evolution of deposit-guarantee schemes and gives rise to a series of possible problems, which were the subject of the European Commission’s review of the Directive in 2006. This paper overviews the current state of deposit insurance across the European Union, highlights the main controversial issues which cause disparities in the implementation of deposit insurance between Member States (e.g. the definition of eligible deposits, the level of cover applied, the implementation of topping-up arrangements, the types of funding mechanism), and discusses the pros and cons of further harmonisation.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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