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|Title:||EVERGREEN - Global Satellite Observations of Greenhouse Gas Emissions|
|Authors:||GOEDE Albert; MEIRINK JAN FOKKE; BUCHWITZ Michael; BURROWS John; DE BEEK Ruediger; FRIESS U.; MONKS P.; REMEDIOS J; FRANKENBERG. C.; PLATT U.; GRZEGORSKI M.; WAGNER T.; STORDAL F; PACYNA J.; LÜKEWILLE A; GLOUDEMANS A.; SCHRIJVER H.; ABEN I.; VAN DEN BROEK M; HEIMANN Martin; DE MAZIÈRE M.; DILS B; MÜLLER J.-F.; STAVRAKOU T.; GRANIER C.; MEYRAHN H.; ZANDER R.; MAHIEU E; BERGAMASCHI PETER|
|Citation:||EGU Newsletter - the eggs vol. 21 p. 26-32|
|Publisher:||European Geosciences Union (EGU)|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The EVERGREEN project, funded by the European Commission 5th Framework Environmental Programme for better exploitation of Earth Observation data, has demonstrated the benefits of new methods for the exploitation of satellite data in global climate and air pollution research and application. In particular, SCIAMACHY on board the European Earth Observation satellite ENVISAT has derived the first greenhouse gas emissions from space, generated ozone measurements to improve the weather forecast and delivered an operational service for air pollution monitoring and predictions. In this paper the results of the EVERGREEN project are summarised concentrating on the SCIAMACHY measurements of methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) in the troposphere. But also the measurements by MIPAS of the vertical distribution of these gases in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere are analysed. Both SCIAMACHY and MIPAS are spectrometers on board the ESA environmental satellite ENVISAT, which was launched March 1st, 2002 with a scheduled operational life time of 5 years. The measurements by MOPITT, a Canadian instrument on the NASA EOS Terra satellite launched in December 1999, provide additional information on tropospheric carbon monoxide. Global, regional, yearly and seasonal variations of CH4, CO2 and CO over the years 2003-2005 are analysed and compared with atmospheric models and ground based measurements. First inverse modelling studies using the new satellite datasets suggest some significant discrepancies of CH4 and CO emission compared to bottom-up inventories.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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