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|Title:||Thermophysical Properties Affecting Safety and Performance of Nuclear Fuel|
|Citation:||HIGH TEMPERATURE vol. 45 no. 4 p. 552-571|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Improvement of the nuclear fuel exploitation has been one of the main objectives of reactor technology during the last decades. Today, in view of a sustainable nuclear energy production, development of advanced reactors re-proposes the choice of innovative fuel cycle concepts, in a context of greater expectations and more stringent requirements. From the experience gained in the past, a fuel research and development strategy can be devised, by which selected physical properties are taken as in-pile fuel performance indices. Uranium dioxide, by far the most important fuel used in power plants, proved from the very beginning to have good design-related properties as well as an excellent resistance to radiation damage. Therefore, increasingly higher performance was demanded concerning lifetime in current power reactors, maximum burn-up and safe operation. Yet, fuel test campaigns carried out in the last years have shown that at very high burn-ups, conditions are attained where radical restructuring processes take place in the UO2 lattice, irrespective of the irradiation regime of the fuel rods. This has led to an intense research activity on the effects of radiation damage on the thermophysical properties of the fuel. Energy and matter transport processes were found to be strongly affected by reactor irradiation, the in-pile performance of the fuel being governed by self-healing processes that can be only in part controlled. Furthermore, in the severe reactor accidents the fuel high temperature thermodynamic properties must comply with safety requirements to be satisfied under conditions which have been not yet explored. Therefore, their description and formulation for applications in different scenarios represent one of the main goals of the future research on advanced fuels. 28.41.Bm, 28.41.Te|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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