Title: Assessment of Thermal Fatigue Crack Growth in the High Cycle Domain under Sinusoidal Thermal Loading - An Application - Civaux 1 Case
Authors: RADU VasilePAFFUMI ELENATAYLOR NIGELNILSSON KARL-FREDRIK
Publisher: OPOCE
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC41641
ISBN: 978-92-79-08218-4
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 23223 EN
OPOCE LD-NA-23223-EN-C
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC41641
DOI: 10.2790/4943
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: The assessment of fatigue crack growth due to cyclic thermal loads arising from turbulent mixing presents significant challenges, principally due to the difficulty of establishing the actual loading spectrum. So-called sinusoidal methods represents a simplified approach in which the entire spectrum is replaced by a sine-wave variation of the temperature at the inner pipe surface. The amplitude can be conservatively estimated from the nominal temperature difference between the two flows which are mixing; however a critical frequency value must be determined numerically so as to achieve a minimum predicted life. The need for multiple calculations in this process has lead to the development of analytical solutions for thermal stresses in a pipe subject to sinusoidal thermal loading, described in a companion report. Based on these stress distributions solutions, the present report presents a methodology for assessment of thermal fatigue crack growth life. The critical sine wave frequency is calculated for both axial and hoop stress components as the value that produces the maximum tensile stress component at the inner surface. Using these through-wall stress distributions, the corresponding stress intensity factors for a long axial crack and a fully circumferential crack are calculated for a range of crack depths using handbook K solutions. By substituting these in a Paris law and integrating, a conservative estimate of thermal fatigue crack growth life is obtained. The application of the method is described for the pipe geometry and loadings conditions reported for the Civaux 1 case. Additionally, finite element analyses were used to check the thermal stress profiles and the stress intensity factors derived from the analytical model. The resulting predictions of crack growth life are comparable with those reported in the literature from more detailed analyses and are lower bound, as would be expected given the conservative assumptions made in the model.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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