Title: Synergy between Fast Reactors and Thermal Breeders for Safe, Clean, and Sustainable Nuclear Power
Citation: Proceedings of the 20th World Energy Congress
Publisher: World Energy Council
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC43303
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC43303
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: This paper proposes a new approach to nuclear power to achieve a sustainable nuclear future in which the transuranic elements or TRUs (neptunium, plutonium and americium) of the present nuclear waste are burned in safe fast reactors such as lead-cooled fast systems. These breed at the same time U-233 for the use in thermal breeder reactors that are based on the thorium cycle. Since the latter require a much smaller fissile mass than fast reactors, one fast reactor can generate during its lifetime a considerable number of critical masses needed to start up new thermal breeders. With regard to the use of U-233/thorium, this approach is similar to the one pursued by India, but it is different insofar as existing and continuously generated nuclear TRU waste is additionally burned.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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