Title: Fuel Cycle Strategies and Plutonium Management in Europe
Citation: PROGRESS IN NUCLEAR ENERGY vol. 49 p. 574-582
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC43417
ISSN: 0149-1970
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC43417
DOI: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2007.09.001
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: An overview of current nuclear power generation and fuel cycle strategies in Europe is presented, with an emphasis on options for the management of separated plutonium in the medium to long term. Countries which have opted for reprocessing of spent fuel have had to contend with increasing inventories of separated plutonium. Of the various potential options for utilisation or disposition of these stockpiles, only light water reactor (LWR) mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel programmes are sufficiently technologically mature to be fully operational in several European countries at present. Such reprocessing-recycling programmes allow for a stabilisation of the overall separated plutonium stocks, but not for a significant reduction in the stockpile. Moreover, the quality of recycled plutonium decreases at each potential step of re-irradiation. Therefore, optimised or new ways of managing the plutonium stocks in the medium to long term are required.
JRC Directorate:Nuclear Safety and Security

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