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dc.contributor.authorVACCARO Stefanoen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-25T16:20:32Z-
dc.date.available2008-08-13en_GB
dc.date.available2010-02-25T16:20:32Z-
dc.date.created2008-08-13en_GB
dc.date.issued2007en_GB
dc.date.submitted2008-05-02en_GB
dc.identifier.citationEsarda Bulletin vol. 37 p. 70-74en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0392-3029en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://esarda2.jrc.it/bulletin/index.htmlen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC45214-
dc.description.abstractAmong the safeguarding practices aimed at the detection of undeclared nuclear activities, the importance of environmental sampling and nuclear forensics has grown in the last decades. In fact, the production of raw materials for nuclear weapons can be pursued either by processes to produce very highly enriched (weapon-grade) Uranium or by chemical separation of plutonium from reactor¿s spent fuel, in a hidden branching of an officially nonmilitary nuclear fuel cycle. Both these processes will result in the release to the environment of some characteristic materials, which can be found in the liquid and gaseous effluents or concentrated in sediments, soils, vegetation, livestock and biota. In this paper, some environmental sampling based techniques aimed at supplying evidence of plutonium production facilities are discussed, with particular attention to wide area atmospheric monitoring of Kr-85 and on environmental signatures in the environs just around a reprocessing plant.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipJRC.H.5-Rural, water and ecosystem resourcesen_GB
dc.format.mediumPrinteden_GB
dc.languageENGen_GB
dc.publisherEuropean Commission - Esardaen_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJRC45214en_GB
dc.titleMethods for the Detection of Undeclared Plutonium Production Facilitiesen_GB
dc.typeArticles in periodicals and booksen_GB
JRC Directorate:Sustainable Resources

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