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|Title:||Determination of Fluorine in Uranium Oxyfluoride Particles as an Indicator of Particle Age|
|Authors:||KIPS Ruth; PIDDUCK A. J.; HOULTON M. R.; LEENAERS A.; MACE J. D.; MARIE O.; POINTURIER F.; STEFANIAK Elzbieta; TAYLOR Philip; VAN DEN BERGHE S.; VAN ESPEN P.; VAN GRIEKEN R.; WELLUM Roger|
|Citation:||SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART B-ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY vol. 64 no. 3 p. 199-207|
|Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||As swipe samples from enrichment activities typically contain uranium particles with a detectable amount of fluorine, the question was raised whether the analysis of fluorine in particles could complement the information on the uranium isotope ratios. For this, uranium oxyfluoride particles were prepared from the controlled hydrolysis of uranium hexafluoride (UF6). The relative amount of fluorine was characterized by scanning electron microscopy combined with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX), as well as ion-microprobe secondary ion mass spectrometry (IM-SIMS). Of particular interest was the assessment of the reduction of the amount of fluorine over time, and after exposure to UV- light and high temperatures. Micro-Raman spectrometry (MRS) was applied to look for differences in molecular structure between these various sample types. Both SEM-EDX and IM-SIMS showed a general reduction of the fluorine-to-uranium ratio after 1-2 years of storage. The exposure to UV-light and high temperatures was found to have accelerated the loss of fluorine. A distinct peak at 865 cm-1 Raman shift was detected for the majority of particles analyzed by MRS. This peak occurred at the symmetric stretching frequency of the uranyl ion in UO2F2. For the particles that were heat-treated, the Raman spectra were similar to the spectrum of U3O8. Although often large variations were observed between particles from the same sample, the three particle measurement techniques (IM-SIMS, SEM-EDX, MRS) showed some consistent trends. They therefore appear promising in terms of the ability to place bounds on particle age, as well as shedding light on the complex processes involved in UO2F2 particle ageing.|
|JRC Directorate:||Health, Consumers and Reference Materials|
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