Title: Stable Isotope Ratio Analysis as a Tool to Discriminate between Rainbow Trout (O. mykiss) Fed Diets Based on Plant or Fish-meal Proteins
Citation: RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY vol. 22 no. 23 p. 3706-3710
Publication Year: 2008
JRC N°: JRC48793
ISSN: 0951-4198
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC48793
DOI: 10.1002/rcm.3775
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The use of stable isotope ratio analysis (SIRA) as a rapid analytical tool to characterize and discriminate farmed fish on the basis of the feedstuffs included in the diet formulation is discussed. Two isoproteic (44.8%) and isolipidic (19.6%) extruded diets were formulated: a fish-meal-based diet (FM diet), containing fish meal as the sole protein source; a plant-protein-based diet (PP diet), where pea protein concentrate and wheat gluten meal replaced 80% of fish meal protein. The diets were fed to eight groups of rainbow trout (initial body weight: 106.6g) for 103 days in two daily meals undercontrolled rearing conditions. Growth performance (final body weight: 318.5 g; specific growth rate: 1.06%) and feed-to-gain ratio (0.79) were not affected by the dietary treatment. The differences in isotopic values of the two diets were clearly reflected in the different carbon and nitrogen isotopic values in rainbow trout fillets. The d13C and d15N values of muscle of farmed rainbow trout showed differences between farmed fish fed a fish-protein-based diet (S20.47W0.34 and 12.38W0.57 for d13C and d15N, respectively) and those fed a plant-protein-based diet (S23.96W0.38 and 7.15W0.51 for d13C and d15N, respectively). The results suggest that SIRA provides a robust and verifiable analytical tool to discriminate between fish fed on a plant or a fish protein diet.
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