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|Title:||Vertical Foliage Distribution Determines the Radial Pattern of Sap Flux Density in Picea Abies|
|Authors:||CESCATTI Alessandro; FIORA Alessandro|
|Citation:||TREE PHYSIOLOGY vol. 28 p. 1317-1323|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Understanding the causes determining the radial pattern of sap flux density is important both for improving knowledge of sapwood functioning and for up-scaling sap flow measurements to canopy transpiration and ecosystem water use. To investigate the anatomical connection between whorls and annual sapwood rings, pruning-induced variation in the radial pattern of sap flux density was monitored with Granier probes in a 35-year-old Picea abies (L.) Karst tree that was pruned from the crown bottom up. Modifications in the radial pattern of sap flux density were quantified by a shape index (SI), which varies with the relative contribution of the outer and inner sapwood to tree transpiration. The SI progressively diminished during bottom up pruning, indicating a significant reduction in sap flow contribution of the inner sapwood. Results suggest that the radial pattern of sap flux density depends mainly on the vertical distribution of foliage in the crown, with lower shaded branches hydraulically connected with inner sapwood and upper branches connected with the outer rings.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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