Title: ASTEC V1.3rev2 Code Application on Medium Cold Leg Break Accident for a Reference PWR 1000 Reactor
Publisher: OPOCE
Publication Year: 2008
JRC N°: JRC50206
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 23797 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC50206
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: During a hypothetical severe accident in a nuclear reactor most of the radioactivity would be released from the damaged core and the broken primary circuit in form of aerosols and chemical vapours and gases. However the radio-toxicity of released materials depends both on the released mass and on the chemical form as well. The fission products release and transport in the circuit has been analysed for a Medium Break cold leg Loss Of Coolant Accident (MBLOCA) for a reference PWR 1000 reactor using the severe accident integral code ASTECV1.2 rev2. A detailed description of the reactor model is given. Sensitivity analyses were performed in terms of break location and accumulator availability. The break location has an impact on the carrier gas temperature and in turn on the chemical speciation of the fission products. Also retention is influenced by the different flow pathways establishing in the circuit. The accumulator availability extends the duration of the core degradation process affecting the total production of hydrogen and the cumulated released mass of low, semi and highly volatile fission products. In agreement with the ASTEC equilibrium chemistry model, the Mo/Cs (Rb) molar ratio has the most influence on the fraction of Iodine which can reach the containment in the gaseous or highly volatile form. Due to the surplus of Cs, the predicted dominant Iodine species to the containment are CsI and its dimmer. A 3-4% of Iodine which reaches the break exists in gaseous (HI) and highly volatile metal-iodides (I2MoO2, SnI2, SnI4) species.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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