Title: Microwave Interferometric Sensors as a Tool for Space and Time Analysis of Active Volcano Deformations: the Stromboli Case
Citation: Proceedings of the 2008 2nd Workshop on USE of Remote Sensing Techniques for Monitoring Volcanoes and Seismogenic Areas p. 1-5
Publisher: IEEE
Publication Year: 2008
JRC N°: JRC50341
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC50341
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: A Ground Based SAR Interferometer (GB-InSAR) was installed at Stromboli volcano (Italy) in February 2003 to continuously monitor the behaviour of the morphological depression known as Sciara del Fuoco, SdF with alerting purposes. This was decided as a consequence of the collapse of a large landslide from the NW slope of the SdF and the subsequent tsunami occurred on December 2002. The GB-InSAR system, working at Ku band, was set up on the stable right flank of the SdF; it has been continuously working and during this last five years has permitted to follow the temporal and spatial evolution of the mass movement in the SdF and the crater. Interferometric maps have permitted to assess the deformation field over a large portion of the target area and to characterize different processes. The system allowed to abserve in particular two main events occurred on 5 April 2003 (a major explosion) and on 27 February 2007 (beginning of the effusive phase) respectively. The potential of the use of DInSAR from satellite platforms working at C band to understand the dynamic of the whole volcano has been also investigated. Different images acquired from the ERS2, RADARSAR and ENVISAT satellites before and after the 2007 event, have been interferometrically processed as well. Notwithstanding the restricted number of available images, the ground deformation occurred on the island due to the volcanic activity has been obtained with spatial and temporal characteristics complementary to those ones provided by GB-InSAR.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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