Title: Simulation of Containment Jet Flows Including Condensation
Authors: HEITSCH MatthiasBARALDI DanieleWILKENING Heinz
Citation: NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND DESIGN vol. 240 no. 9 p. 2176-2184
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC50345
ISSN: 0029-5493
URI: www.elsevier.com/locate/nucengdes
DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2009.11.024
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The validation of a CFD code for light-water reactor containment applications requires among others the presence of steam in the different flow types like jets or buoyant plumes and leads to the need to simulate condensation phenomena. In this context the paper addresses the simulation of two ¿HYJET¿ experiments from the former Battelle Model Containment by the CFD code CFX. These experiments involve jet releases into the multicompartment geometry of the test facility accompanied by condensation of steam at walls and in the bulk gas. In both experiments mixtures of helium and steam are injected. Helium is used to simulate hydrogen. One experiment represents a fast jet whereas in the second test a slow release of helium and steam is investigated. CFX was earlier extended by bulk and wall condensation models and is able to model all relevant phenomena observed during the experiments. The paper focuses on the simulation of the two experiments employing an identical model set-up. This provides together with other validation exercises the information on how well a wider range of flowing conditions in a full containment simulation can be covered with a single set of models (e.g. turbulence and condensation model). Some aspects related to numerical and modelling uncertainties of CFD calculations are included in the paper by investigating different turbulence models together with the modelling errors of the differencing schemes applied.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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