Title: Modeling the dynamics and export of Dissolved Organic Matter in the Northeastern U.S. continental shelf.
Authors: DRUON Jean-NoelMANNINO A.SIGNORINI S.MCCLAIN CFRIEDRICHS M.WILKIN J.FENNEL K.
Citation: ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE vol. 88 no. 4 p. 488-507
Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC50604
ISSN: 0272-7714
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC50604
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2010.05.010
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Continental shelves are believed to play a major role in carbon cycling due to their high productivity. Particulate organic carbon (POC) burial has been included in models as a carbon sink, but we show here that seasonally produced dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on the shelf can be exported to the open ocean by horizontal transport at similar rates (1-2 mol C m-2 yr ¿1) in the southern U.S. Mid-Atlantic Bight (MAB). The dissolved organic matter (DOM) model imbedded in a coupled circulation-biogeochemical model reveals a double dynamics: the progressive release of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in the upper layer during summer increases the regenerated primary production by 30 to 300 %, which, in turns, enhances the DOC production mainly from phytoplankton exudation in the upper layer and solubilization of particulate organic matter (POM) deeper in the water column. This analysis suggests that DOM is a key element for better representing the ecosystem functioning and organic fluxes in models because DOM (1) is a major organic pool directly related to primary production, (2) decouples partially the carbon and nitrogen cycles (through carbon excess uptake, POM solubilization and DOM mineralization) and (3) is intimately linked to the residence time of water masses for its distribution and export.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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