Title: The Effect of Low Zinc Concentrations on some Demographic Parameters of Biomphalaria Glabrata (Say), Mollusca: Gastropoda
Authors: GUARDUCCI M.
Citation: Acquatic Toxicology vol. 12 p. 51-61
Publication Year: 1988
JRC N°: JRC5114
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC5114
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: THE EFFECTS OF LOW ZINC CONCENTRATIONS ON THE FRESHWATER SNAIL BIOMPHALARIA GLABRATA (SAY) WERE MEASURED UNDER CONTINUOUS FLOW CONDITIONS. THE TIME OF SEXUAL MATURITY OF YOUNG SNAILS, THE FECUNDITY AND FERTILITY OF THE ADULTS AND THE MORTALITY AND GROWTH-RATE OF BOTH STAGES WERE INVESTIGATED. EMBRYOS AND SNAILS WERE EXPOSED TO ZINC CONCENTRATIONS RANGING FROM 500 PPB TO > 5000 PPB. THE MORTALITY OF EMBRYOS, YOUNG AND ADULT ANIMALS ROSE WITH INCREASING ZINC CONCENTRATION. 33 DAY AFTER TJE EXPERIMENT WAS STARTED, 20% OF THE ADULTS AND 60% OF THE YOUNG INDIVIDUALS DIED IN 1500 PPB ZN2+, WHEREAS IN THE CONTROL ALL THE ANIMALS SURVIVED. EMBRYOS DID NOT HATCH IN 1000 PPB ZN2+. FECUNDITY WAS SIGNIFICANTLY BY 500 AND 1500 PPB ZN2+ AND COMPLETELY SUPPRESSED BY 3000 PPB. FERTILITY WAS LOWERED BY 500 PPB ZN2+ AND THE EMBRYOS SHOWED A DECREASING HATCH-RATE DURING THE TIME OF EXPERIMENTATION. IN RESPECT TO THE CONTROL, 500 PPB ZN2+ REDUCED THE GROWTH-RATE OF ADULT AND YOUNG ANIMALS TO ABOUT 50%. AT 500 PPB SEXUAL MATURITY WAS DELAYED FOR ABOUT 7 DAYS. HIGHER CONCENTRATIONS PREVENTED GROWTH AND THE ATTAINMENT OF SEXUAL MATURITY
JRC Directorate:Joint Research Centre Historical Collection

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