Title: Evaluation of the Use of Advanced Information Technology (Expert Systems) for Data Base System Development and Emergency Management in Non-Nuclear Industries
Authors: RASMUSSEN J.PEDERSEN O.m.GROENBERG C.d.
Publisher: European Commission
Publication Year: 1987
JRC N°: JRC5131
Other Identifiers: EUR 11228 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC5131
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: DURING RECENT YEARS, A NUMBER OF LARGE INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS HAVE RESULTED IN A WIDESPREAD CONCERN WITH ORGANIZATION OF EMERGENCY SERVICES AND MEANS FOR EFFECTIVE SUPPORT OF THE DISTRIBUTED ORGANIZATIONS INVOLVED IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT. WITH THE AIM OF PRESENTING A DISCUSSION OF THE POTENTIAL OF MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR DECISION SUPPORT DURING ACCIDENTS, THE REPORT BRINGS A BRIED REVIEW OF APPROACHES TO DESIGN OF DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS AND EXPERT SYSTEMS. FROM THIS REVIEW IT IS CONCLUDED THAT MODELS OF DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS BASED ON A CONTROL THEORETIC POINT OF VIEW, TOGETHER WITH A COGNITIVE APPROACH TO DECISION TASK ANALYSIS OFFER A SUITABLE FRAMEWORK. IN ADDITION, IT IS CONCLUDED THAT AI-TOOLS FOR DATA BASE DESIGN AND FOR COMMUNICATION SUPPORT IN DISTRIBUTED DECISION-MAKING SHOULD BE CONSIDERED FOR FURTHER DEVELOPMENT. A NUMBER OF RECENT DANISH INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS ARE REVIEWED AND KEY PERSONS INTERVIEWED IN ORDER TO GIVE A PRELIMINARY BASIS FOR JUDGING THE FEASIBILITY OF THE THEORETICAL DISCUSSION. THE REPORT INCLUDES A NUMBER OF RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER STUDIES TO SUPPORT THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DISTRIBUTED DATA BASE SYSTEM FOR EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
JRC Directorate:Joint Research Centre Historical Collection

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