Title: Review of Computational approaches for predicting the physicochemical and biological properties of nanoparticles
Publisher: European Commission
Publication Year: 2009
JRC N°: JRC52120
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 23974 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC52120
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: In the growing field of nanotechnology there is a need to determine the physicochemical and potential toxicological properties of nanomaterials since many industrial, medical and consumer applications are based on an understanding of these properties and on a controlled exposure to the materials. This document provides a literature review on the current status of computational studies aimed at predicting the physicochemical properties and biological effects (including toxicity) of nanomaterials, with an emphasis on medical applications. Although a number of models have been published for physicochemical property prediction, very few models have been published for predicting biological effects, toxicity or the underlying mechanisms of action. This is due to two main reasons: a) nanomaterials form a colloidal phase when in contact with biological systems making the definition and calculation of properties (descriptors) suitable for the prediction of toxicity a new and challenging task, and b) nanomaterials form a very heterogeneous class of materials, not only in terms of their chemical composition, but also in terms of size, shape, agglomeration state, and surface reactivity. There is thus an urgent need to extend the traditional structure-activity paradigm to develop methods for predicting the toxicity of nanomaterials, and to make the resulting models readily available. This document concludes by proposing some lines of research to fill the gap in knowledge and predictive methodology
JRC Directorate:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection

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