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|Title:||Integrating Cyber Attacks within Fault Trees|
|Authors:||NAI FOVINO Igor; MASERA Marcelo; DECIAN Alessio|
|Citation:||RELIABILITY ENGINEERING & SYSTEM SAFETY vol. 94 no. 9 p. 1394-1402|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||In this paper, a new method for quantitative security risk assessment of complex systems is presented, combining fault-tree analysis, traditionally used in reliability analysis, with the recently introduced Attack-tree analysis, proposed for the study of malicious attack patterns. The combined use of fault trees and attack trees helps the analyst to effectively face the security challenges posed by the introduction of modern ICT technologies in the control systems of critical infrastructures. The proposed approach allows considering the interaction of malicious deliberate acts with random failures. Formal definitions of fault tree and attack tree are provided and a mathematical model for the calculation of system fault probabilities is presented.|
|JRC Directorate:||Space, Security and Migration|
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