Title: Estimating Sub-pixel to Regional Winter Crop Areas using Neural Nets
Authors: ATZBERGER ClementREMBOLD Felix
Citation: Proceedings of the ISPRS Technical Commission VII Symposium - 100 Years ISPRS - Advancing Remote Sensing Science - ISSN: 1682-1777 vol. XXXVIII p. 13-18
Publisher: International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS)
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC55088
URI: http://www.isprs.org/proceedings/XXXVIII/part7/a/pdf/13_XXXVIII-part7A.pdf
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: The current work aimed at testing a methodology which can be applied to low spatial resolution satellite data to assess inter-annual crop area variations on sub-pixel to regional scales. The methodology is based on the assumption that within mixed pixels land cover variations are reflected by changes in the related hyper-temporal profiles of the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). We evaluated if changes in the fractional winter crop coverage are reflected in changing shapes of annual NDVI profiles and can be detected by using neural networks. The neural nets were trained on reference data obtained from high resolution Landsat TM/ETM images and additional ancillary data readily available (CORINE land cover). The proposed methodology was applied in a study region in central Italy to estimate winter crop areas between 1988 and 2002 from 1 km resolution NOAA-AVHRR profiles. The accuracy of the estimates was assessed by comparison to official agricultural statistics using a bootstrap approach. The method showed promise for estimating crop area variation on sub-pixel (cross-validated R2 between 0.7 and 0.8) to regional scales (normalized RMSE: 10%) and proved to have a significantly higher forecast capability than other methods used previously for the same study area.
JRC Directorate:Space, Security and Migration

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