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dc.contributor.authorDALLEMAND Jean-Francoisen_GB
dc.contributor.authorDE SANTI Giovannien_GB
dc.contributor.authorLEIP Adrianen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBAXTER Daviden_GB
dc.contributor.authorRETTENMAIER Nielsen_GB
dc.contributor.authorOSSENBRINK Heinzen_GB
dc.identifier.citationManagement of Environmental Quality vol. 21 no. 4 p. 523-547en_GB
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this paper is to discuss some scientific challenges related to the production and use of biomass for transport, heat and electricity. Specific attention is paid to the environmental assessment of liquid biofuels for transport and to the discussion of causes of uncertainties in the assessment. Three main topics are taken as examples in order to illustrate the complexity of environmental assessment of biofuels and the difficulty to reduce uncertainties are: 1) agro-environmental impact of bioethanol (from sugar cane) in Brazil and biodiesel (from palm oil) in Malaysia. These two tropical countries were selected due to their role of leader at world level and their strong export potential to the European Union), 2) N2O (Nitrous oxide) emissions related to biofuels cultivation and land use change and 3) GHG emissions and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of biodiesel from palm oil in Malaysia. These three topics are discussed and complemented by considerations about water use for feedstock production and biomass conversion issues. Recommendations are formulated in order to reduce scientific uncertainty, for example through the development of internationally agreed sustainability certification systems with corresponding verification measures or further research on emissions and indirect land use change.en_GB
dc.description.sponsorshipJRC.DDG.F.8-Renewable Energy (Ispra)en_GB
dc.titleBiomass for Transport, Heat and Electricity, Scientific Challengesen_GB
dc.typeArticles in periodicals and booksen_GB
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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