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|dc.contributor.author||VAN DORSSELAERE J.p.||en_GB|
|dc.contributor.author||RAJ SEHGAL Bal||en_GB|
|dc.identifier.citation||PROGRESS IN NUCLEAR ENERGY vol. 52 no. 1 p. 2-10||en_GB|
|dc.description.abstract||Fifty-one organisations network in SARNET (Severe Accident Research NETwork of Excellence) their research capacities in order to resolve the most important pending issues for enhancing, with regard to Severe Accidents (SA), the safety of existing and future Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). This project, co-funded by the European Commission (EC) under the 6th Framework Programme, has been defined in order to optimise the use of the available means and to constitute sustainable research groups in the European Union. SARNET tackles the fragmentation that may exist between the different national R&D programmes, in defining common research programmes and developing common computer tools and methodologies for safety assessment. SARNET comprises most of the organisations involved in SA research in Europe, plus Canada. To reach these objectives, all the organisations networked in SARNET contributed to a Joint Programme of Activities, which consisted of: Implementation of an advanced communication tool for accessing all project information, fostering exchange of information, and managing documents; Harmonization and re-orientation of the research programmes, and definition of new ones; Analysis of the experimental results provided by research programmes in order to elaborate a common understanding of relevant phenomena; Development of the ASTEC code (integral computer code used to predict the NPP behaviour during a postulated SA), which capitalizes in terms of physical models the knowledge produced within SARNET; Development of Scientific Databases in which all the results of research programmes are stored in a common format (DATANET); Development of a common methodology for Probabilistic Safety Assessment of NPPs; Development of short courses and writing a text book on Severe Accidents for students and researchers; Promotion of personnel mobility amongst various European organisations. This paper presents the major achievements after four and a half years of operation of the network, in terms of knowledge gained, of improvement of the ASTEC reference code, of dissemination of results and of integration of the research programmes conducted by the various partners. After this first period (2004-2008), co-funded by the EC, a further contract SARNET2 with the EC for the next four years started in April 2009 as part of the 7th Framework Programme. During this period, the networking activities will focus mainly on the remaining pending issues as determined during the first period, experimental activities will be directly included in the common work and the network will evolve toward complete self-sustainability. The bases for such an evolution are presented in the last part of the paper.||en_GB|
|dc.description.sponsorship||JRC.F.5-Safety of present nuclear reactors||en_GB|
|dc.publisher||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD||en_GB|
|dc.title||SARNET - Severe Accident Research Network of Excellence||en_GB|
|dc.type||Articles in periodicals and books||en_GB|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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