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|Title:||Overview of Nuclear Thermal-hydraulic Activities Performed by the European Commission|
|Authors:||BUCALOSSI Andrea; BIETH Michel; DE SANTI Giovanni|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-13)|
|Publisher:||Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ)|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The European Community has been actively involved in Nuclear Safety since its creation in 1957 as its EURATOM treaty specifically promotes research and ensures the dissemination of technical information. Thermal-Hydraulic (T-H) related projects have also been executed to enhance nuclear safety of European Union (EU) candidate countries and countries from the former Soviet Union. These have been financed in the past via the PHARE and TACIS nuclear safety programmes which are now coming to an end and are now substituted by new EU financial instruments such as IPA and INSC. All the information is being currently gathered in specific databases. The EURATOM research framework programmes have financed in the past many multipartner projects in the T-H field for both experimental and for code validation purposes which have been performed either directly by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission (EC) or indirectly by multi-partner projects. The current direct research activity in the field of T-H is mainly performed by two units of the JRC: the Safety of Present Nuclear Reactors (SPNR) and Safety of Future Nuclear Reactors (SFNR) units, both located in the JRC Institute for Energy (IE) based in the Netherlands. The main activities are performed within the European Union's Seventh Research Framework Programme in specific actions such as POS, NUSAC, CAPTURE, AMA, FANGS which involve several tasks such as: performing T-H calculations for Generation IV (GEN-IV) reactors, drafting EUR reports on specific topics, delivering training, performing dissemination of results, hosting and co-sponsoring conferences, seminars, etc. In the past, the JRC located in Ispra, Italy has performed extensive experimental research on the T-H facilities, now dismantled. Today most of the experiments data can be found in a database. This paper presents an overview of all the activities in the field of T-H performed in the European Union and its future trends.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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